The quirky facts about art
The Miscellany of Art started out as I was wondering as to what was the most expensive painting in the world. Well things got a little out of hand and so here is what I’ve discovered about all things arty.
Over the last 35,000 years people have been making marks. The following book of trivia is a collection of interesting facts and figures from the “World of Art” and lists various record breakers, creative feats and interesting, artistic titbits from around the globe. It does not pretend to answer the great questions of our time but contains much information you never knew you didn’t need. – Neal
- Oldest painting– the world’s oldest cave painting, “Pig”, is 35,400 years old and is in Maros in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Although the 15th century painter, Giovanni Bellini, is often quoted as the first and painted about 5% of his work on canvas, the oldest canvas painting is the “Madonna of Humility” by Lippo di Dalmasio. This was completed in 1390 and hangs in the National Gallery, London. There are also examples of Roman and Egyptian papyrus and cotton paintings have been found dating back to 2500 BC.
- Oldest paint set– While the oldest cave painting only dates back 35,400 years, the oldest painting kit, which includes seashell paint pots, bone brushes and hammers date back to around 100,000 years ago. These were found in the Blombos Cave near Stillbaai, South Africa in 2011.
- Largest painting– The largest painting by a single person is Sun Lei’s 232,442 Sq ft (21,594 sqm) piece called “The Beautiful Soul of China”.
- Largest fresco– The largest fresco “Apollo and the Continents” in the Wurzburg Residence, Wurzburg was painted in 1752/53 by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and covers an area of 18 x 30 metres.
- Most expensive painting– the most costly painting to date (2015) is Cezanne’s “The Card Players” sold at auction for $250 million.
- Most Prolific artist– is naturally is Pablo Picasso, 1881 – 1973. In his lifetime it is estimated that Picasso produced 13,000 paintings, 100,000 prints, 34,000 book illustrations and 300 sculptures.
- Smallest artwork– 18th century miniaturists specialised in small family pictures, while a couple of Micropainters have created watercolour and oil paintings as small as 5mm x 3mm in size. An exhibition in Texas was held for stretched canvasses over a 1″ x 2″ frame. However, the smallest painting award has to go to the nano-scientists that created a copy of the “Mona Lisa” that was a third the width of a human hair.
- Hardest stone to sculpt– Basalt is the hardest rock but is rarely sculpted, the hardest commonly used rock is granite, with a hardness factor of 8 on the Mohs scale.
- Hardest wood to carve– the Quebracho, with a Janka hardness test score of 4,570 lbf, is considered the hardest wood in the world and therefore the most difficult to carve. Its name comes from the Spanish for “Axe Breaker”.
- Most visited art gallery– The Louvre, Paris with 9.3 million visitors annually is the most popular gallery in the world. (2014 figures)
- Most viewed painting– The most popular painting on wood is the “Mona Lisa” by Leonardo da Vinci, while the most viewed canvas painting is Vincent van Gogh’s “Starry Night”.
- Largest collection of paintings – The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York with over 2 million pieces houses the largest world collection of art.
- Largest gallery– The Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia is by size the largest gallery in the world. Those who visit all of its 322 sala, walk over 15 miles.
- Smallest art gallery– The Zeitgeist Clock, it contains around 100 unique, miniature images that are displayed two at at time and change combinations every minute.
- Most remote gallery– James Turrell Museum, The Bodega Colome, Argentina. It takes a 4 hour flight and two hour drive over rough roads to reach the foothills of the Andes Mountain Range and this gallery.
- Oldest Public Gallery– The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford opened in 1683 is the world’s oldest public museum.
- Tallest statue– currently the Spring Temple Buddha, Lushan, China. Built in 2002 and stands 420 ft (128 m), although India is building a statue that is due for completion and will be a 597 feet statue of Sardar Vallabhai Patel, India’s first Deputy Prime Minister. (Strange that it’s the deputy and not the prime Minister or for that matter of fact, Ghandi.)
- Tallest stone statue– Leshan Buddha, China. It sits 233 ft (71 m) tall and was carved between 713 and 803 AD.
- Tallest metal statue– Statue of Liberty, New York at 46 metres tall. However, “The Angel of the North”, Newcastle, UK has the largest dimensions as it has a 54 metre wide wingspan.
- Largest wooden sculpture– created by Zheng Chunhui in 2013 from a single tree. It is 40 foot (12.2 m) long and replicates an old Chinese painting “Along the River during the Qingming Festival”.
- Largest glass sculpture– “Fiori di Como” by Dale Chihuly in the lobby of the Bellaggio Hotel, Las Vegas is the world’s largest glass constructed sculpture.
- Oldest statue– Lion Man of the Hohlenstein Stradel. An ivory sculpture believed to be over 40,000 years old. The statue is 11.7 inches (29.6 cm) high and carved out of mammoth ivory.
- The longest exposed photograph. Michael Wesley used eight cameras with their shutters left open for 34 months between 2001 – 2004 in order to capture the redevelopment of the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York.
- First digital artwork– An image by Efraim Arazi from 1962 featured on the cover of the “Computers and Automation” magazine in January 1963. This is where the term Computer Art was first used.
- First Sculpted Self-portrait– Bak, ancient Eqyptian stone mason, 1365 BC
- First Painted Self-portrait– Caterina van Hemessen 1528 – 87
- First Photographic “Selfie”– Robert Cornellius 1839
- First on-line gallery– The Museum of Computer Art (MOCA) 1993
- First art in space– Ellery Kurtz had four paintings flown aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in January 1986. The first sculpture to leave earth was “Cosmic Dancer” by Arthur Woods taken on board the MIR Space Station in 1993.
- The World’s first digital drawing software– the earliest computer manipulation of graphical images was using the “Sketchpad” system, created in 1963 by Ivan Sutherland. The first commercially available software was the MacPaint program, introduced in 1984.
- Oldest art magazine– One of the earliest art specific magazines was the American “Aldine” periodical that ran between 1869 and 1879. The longest running art magazine still in print is ARTnews, which has been following the art scene since 1902.
- Most controversial piece of artwork –over the centuries there have been many controversial pieces of artwork that have offended viewers sensibilities. Nudity, themes, medium and political comment have all received the blunt end of critics gaze. Goya’s “The nude Maja” and Manet’s “Olympia” both were vilified for brazen nakedness, Bosch’s vulgar figures and Duchamp’s toilet/fountain sculpture raised eyebrows. From Turner’s perception of the landscape to Hirst’s shark in a tank, art has always had the ability to shock. While “Equivalent VIII” by Carl Andre, featuring a pile of 120 bricks in the Tate caused up roar. However, perhaps, for its wanton destruction, the most controversial art piece has to be Robert Rauschenberg’s “Erased de Kooning”. Here, Rauschenberg over the period of a year, systematically rubbed out a drawing by Willem de Kooning.
Did you know!
- Pablo Picasso’s real name is 23 words long. Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santissima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruiz y Picasso. Try signing that on the bottom of your paintings.
- The high heel was invented by Leonardo da Vinci.
- Pop Art originated in London.
- The rural folk in Grant Wood’s painting “American Gothic” were his sister and his dentist.
- The Tuscan town of Sansepolcro was saved during WWII by its Piero della Francesca painting “The Resurection”. Knowing of its existence, British troops held off shelling for 24 hours and letting the Germans retreat.
Throughout history lefties, caggie-handed, mancino and those using the sinister hand were always viewed with suspicion. It is surprising then to find out just how many famous left-handed artists there are. Although attitudes towards left-handedness do make it hard to get the complete picture and there is conjecture over a number of them, especially the big three – da Vinci, Raffaello and Michaelangelo, it would be fun if they were though.
Karel Appel – Dutch painter
Vladimir Borovilovsky – Russian painter
Luca Cambiaso – Genovese painter
Robert Crumb – American cartoonist
Raoul Dufy – French painter
Albrecht Durer – German painter
M.C. Esher – Dutch printmaker
Henry Fuseli – Swiss/British painter
Jan van Goyen – Dutch painter
Matt Groening – American cartoonist
Cathy Guisewite – American cartoonist
Han Holbein the Younger – Bavarian painter
Patrick Hughes – British painter and sculptor
Thomas Kincade – American painter
Paul Klee – Swiss painter
Leonardo da Vinci – Florentine polymath
Michelangelo Buonarotti– Florentine painter and sculptor
Edvard Munch – Norwegian painter
Patrick Nasmyth – British painter
LeRoy Neiman – American painter and sculptor
Raphael Sanzio – Umbrian painter
Rembrandt van Rijn – Dutch painter
Peter Paul Rubens – Flemish Baroque painter
Sebastiano del Piombo – Venetian painter
Ronald Searle – British cartoonist
- Lost artwork– “The Battle of Anghiari” by Leonardo da Vinci and “The Battle of Cascina ” by Michelangelo, were both frescos in the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence. and were lost when the building was redeveloped. “Young Man” an early painting by Raphael Sanzio, was lost during the Nazi art plunder of the Second World War and while it is still believed to be in existence, its whereabouts remain a secret.
- Accidental lost artwork– Picasso’s “Le Peintre” was destroyed when Swissair 111 crashed in Canada in 1998. In 2004, over 50 contemporary works of art were incinerated when the Momart warehouse in London caught fire.
- Natural destruction– In 1966 extensive flooding of the River Arno in Florence led to the loss of many pieces of artwork throughout the city. An earthquake in 1755, Lisbon caused a fire at the Ribeira Palace destroying the building and many paintings including ones by Titian, Rubens and Correggio.
- Casualty of war– Art throughout history has fallen prey to wars, plundered from collections, sacked from museums, it has always suffered at the invaders hands. The Protestants destroyed thousands of pieces of Catholic art in their supposed cleansing of northern Europe. Napoleon’s armies pilfered many rare and irreplaceable objects in his march across Europe. Both world wars saw art both stolen and destroyed in acts of wanton vandalism and through sheer greed. Even today ISIS are clearing out archaeological sites and raiding museums and selling or smashing beautiful, ancient objects.
- Most famous forger– Han van Meegeren famous for his 20th century Johannes Vermeer forgeries.
- Largest Art Heist– At 1:24am, March 18 1990, the Isabella Stewart-Gardner Museum, Boston. During an 81 minutes dash, thieves made off with 13 rare paintings worth over $500 million. The crime is still unsolved and included “The Concert Player”, Vermeer, “Lady and Gentleman in Black” and “Storm on the Sea” both by Rembrandt, “Chez Tortoni” by Manet and “La Sortie de Pesage” by Degas.
- Most prolific art vandal – German, serial vandal, Hans-Joachim Bohlmann, between 1977 and 2006 attached over 50 paintings with sulphuric acid, causing more than €138 million worth of damage.
- Most vandalised painting– Mona Lisa has long been a target for attacks. These have ranged from acid being thrown at it, rocks, spray paint and a teacup. Other popular forms of vandalism have included lipstick, felt pens and knife attacks.
- One of the most unintentional and well documented acts of vandalism has to go to octogenarian, Cecilia Gimenez. She made an attempt at restoring the Sanctuary of Mercy church, Borja in Spain’s 19th century fresco “Ecce Homo”. Glimenez, having never painted in her life before, tried her hand at art restoration and failed miserably.
Art in practice
- Gallery architecture– the familiar look of many galleries was established by John Sloane with his design of the Dulwich Picture Gallery, London in 1817. His vision was one of large, interconnecting, well-lit halls with vast uninterrupted spaces to hang paintings.
- Paint by numbers– first released in March 1950 by Max S. Klien’s company and sold in Macy’s Department Store, New York. The inventor Dan Robbins, took the idea from Leonardo da Vinci, after hearing how he would put numbers on his works for his apprentices to fill in the colours. The company’s strapline on there box read “A beautiful oil painting the first time you try.”
- Aerial perspective –the blue or purple colouring of the horizon used by artists to create the illusion of depth. It has nothing to do with flying.
- The Colour Wheel– central to understanding painting theory was invented by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666.
- Colour blindness – problems differentiating between colours was first investigated by Chemist, John Dalton in 1798. The dotty Ishihara colour test cards were introduced in 1917 by Dr Shinobu Ishihara.
- Patron Saint of Artists– Catherine de Vigri, St Catherine de Bologna.
- The oldest art school– The Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence was established in 1563 and educated such luminaries as Michelangelo, Donati, Vasari and Giambologna.
- The oldest art award– is Australia’s Taylor Art Award, founded by Captain George Archibald Taylor and giving bursaries to aspiring artists since 1860.
- Prestigious annual art awards– Turner Prize, UK (Est 1982), MacArthur Fellowship, US (Est 1981), Golden & Silver Lions, The Venice Biennale, Italy (Est 1986)
- Camera Obscura– the dark box that is used to project light onto a canvas or paper enabling artists to reproduce scenes more accurately. Amongst others, was written about by Leonardo da Vinci and is believed to have been used by artists Vermeer in their works. The first record of a camera obscura date back to 470 – 390 BC in China and are mentioned by Aristotle between 384 and 322 BC.
Vanitas paintings – these are 16th and 17th century still life canvases which allude to the patrons sense of mortality. They were predominantly created in The Netherlands and Flanders and are rich in symbolism representing death, decay and the transient nature of life. Common objects found in Vanitas paintings include watches, hourglasses and smoke indicating times brief passage, soap bubbles and musical notes depicted as instruments are a sign of life’s brevity. Flowers and fruit too show the short period in which we inhabit the earth, while lemons point to life’s beauty but bitter taste. The final touch is usually a skull or the presence of bones, the ultimate reminder of our inevitable death.
- Trompe-l’oeil– Meaning “deceiving the eye”, a style of painting popular during the Baroque period for creating a perspective illusion using real objects.
- Horror Vacui – The opposite to Minimilism, where paintings are overcrowded with imagery. It comes from the Latin for a fear of empty space.
- Ontbijtje – A Dutch term for a still-life based around scenes from the breakfast table, elements often included bread, herring, cheese, meats. Literally meaning “Little Breakfast” it was a popular style in the early 17th century.
- Vernissage – the french expression for a “Private Viewing” first night of an exhibition.
- Colour – the general term that covers all hues, shades, tones and tints
- Hue – a pure colour
- Pigment – a material added to a binder to create a specific colour such as cadmium, cobalt, chrome, copper and lead
- Tint – a pure colour that has been mixed with white to create a lighter colour
- Shade – when a hue is mixed with black or grey to achieve a darker colour
- Tone – the amount of light and shade within a colour
Artists regularly put their blood, sweat and tears into their work, some artists have taken this quite literally. Medieval stained glass painters would use urine to fix the paints and Indian Yellow is made from bull’s urine. However, here are some artists that have used bodily fluid as the art.
- Piero Manzoni – canned 90 tins of his own excrement, 1961
- Andy Warhol – had his friends urinate on copper impregnated canvases 1977
- Marc Quinn – made a cast of his head using his own frozen blood, 1991
- Chris Ofili – used elephant dung in his paintings
- Millie Brown – paints by vomiting onto her canvases, 2004
Painting technical terms
Frotage – the creation of an image through taking textural rubbing with pencil, crayon.
Pointillism – painting using only dots in order to depict colour, shadow and highlights.
Sgraffito – marking making by scratching the surface.
Grisaille – monocromatic form of painting
Impasto – the thick use of paint to form a raised, three dimensional deposit on the surface of the picture.
In the time before the industrial mass-production of artist colours, painters would grind, soak, boil and distil plant, rocks and clay to created their palette. Here are some of the stranger ingredients and places that have given their names to colours.
- Malachite (mineral) – vibrant green
- Gamboge (Cambodian tree resin) – mustard yellow
- Falu (Rock from a Swedish Copper mine) – dark red
- Arsenic (metalloid) – grey blue or red orange
- Caput Mortuum (iron oxide, rust) brown purple
- Burnt/raw Siena (oxidized earth from around Tuscany) – warm brown
- Indian Yellow (Bull’s urine) – luminous yellow
- Sinopia iron oxides from around the town of the same name) – red
- Burnt/raw Umber (clay from Umbria, Italy and Cyprus) – rich brown
- Naples yellow (lead antimonate) – pale red yellow
- Paynes Grey (named after the painter William Payne) – blue grey
The Colour of sin
Each of the seven deadly sins has a different colour and animal associated with it. These have been used by artists over time to represent a particular weakness.
- Anger – red/ bear
- Envy – green/ dog
- Gluttony – orange/ pig
- Greed – yellow/ frog
- Lust – blue/ cow
- Pride – purple/ horse
- Sloth – light blue/ goat
Styles of Painting
Down the ages there have been a number of different ways of depicting highlights and shadow, depth and colour. The use of hue and tone has varied greatly over time and many formats have been invented for painting in 3 dimensions on canvas.
The four canons of the Renaissance
- Chiaroscuro – dramatic shadows and highlights. Caravaggio, El Greco, Rembrandt, Goya
- Cangiante – meaning “to change” involves the swapping of hues to achieve shadows and highlights. eg, yellow hue with a red shadow. Michelangelo, Fra Angelico
- Sfumato – a soft smokey look to the painting, achieved by using toned down glazes of colour, with an absence of hard lines or edges. Da Vinci, Rafaello, Correggio, Luini
- Unione – is a blend of shadow, highlights and mid-tones, while maintaining brilliance levels, similar in style to Sfumato but with more intense colours. Rafaello
Early painting styles
- Cennini -1390, here the shadow and mid-tones made by adding white to the pure pigment.
- Bellezza di colore – bright colours
- Isochromatism – Balanced arrangement of colours around a central axis.
- Alberti – employed the use of hues as mid-tones and black for shadows and white for highlights. Very typical of Late Byzantine and High Gothic works.
- Tenebrism – Popular with the Mannerist artists, a murky, more pronounced form of Chiarascuro with violent contrasts between shadows and highlights. Caravaggio is credited with its invention. Gentileschi, Ribalta, Ribera.
Antique reading on art
Il Libro dell’Arte – a 15th century book , (http://www.noteaccess.com/Texts/Cennini/) written by Cennino Cennini (1360 – 1427) describing the painting practices of the early Renaissance.
The Lives of Artists, Sculptors and Architects, 1550 – Giorgio Vasari
Art Movements of the 19th & 20th century
– Modern Art 1860 – 1945
- Impressionism– 1860 – 1890, France
- Luminism (Impressionism)
- Arts and Crafts movement– 1880 – 1910, United Kingdom
- Tonalism– 1880 – 1920, United States
- Symbolism (arts)– 1880 – 1910, France/Belgium
- Russian Symbolism 1884 – c. 1910, Russia
- Aesthetic movement 1868 – 1901, United Kingdom
- Post-impressionism– 1886 – 1905, France
- Les Nabis 1888 – 1900, France
- Cloisonnism 1885, France
- Synthetism late 1880s – early 1890s, France
- Neo-impressionism 1886 – 1906, France
- Pointillism 1879, France
- Divisionism 1880s, France
- Art Nouveau– 1890 – 1914, France
- Vienna Secession (or Secessionstil) 1897, Austria
- Jugendstil Germany, Scandinavia
- Modernisme– 1890 to 1910, Spain
- Russian avant-garde– 1890 – 1930, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
- Art à la Rue 1890s – 1905, Belgium/France
- Young Poland 1890 – 1918, Poland
- Mir iskusstva 1899, Russia
- Hagenbund 1900 – 1930, Austria
- Fauvism– 1904 – 1909, France
- Expressionism– 1905 – 1930, Germany
- Die Brücke 1905 – 1913, Germany
- Der Blaue Reiter 1911, Germany
- Bloomsbury Group– 1905 – c. 1945, England
- Cubism– 1907 – 1914, France
- Orphism– 1912, France
- Purism– 1918 – 1926
- Cubo-Expressionism 1909 – 1921
- Ashcan School 1907, United States
- Jack of Diamonds (artists) 1909, Russia
- Futurism (art)– 1910 – 1930, Italy
- Cubo-Futurism 1912 – 1915, Russia
- Rayonism 1911, Russia
- Synchromism 1912, United States
- Universal Flowering 1913, Russia
- Vorticism 1914 – 1920, United Kingdom
- Biomorphism 1915 – 1940s
- Suprematism 1915 – 1925, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
- Dada– 1916 – 1930, Switzerland
- Proletkult 1917 – 1925, Soviet Union
- Productijism after 1917, Russia
- De Stijl (Neoplasticism) 1917 – 1931, Holland
- Pittura Metafisica 1917, Italy
- Arbeitsrat für Kunst 1918 – 1921
- Bauhaus– 1919 – 1933, Germany
- UNOVIS 1919 – 1922, Russia
- Others group of artists 1919, United States
- American Expressionism 1920 –
- Precisionism 1920, United States
- Surrealism Since 1920s, France
- Acéphale France
- Lettrism 1942 –
- Les Automatistes 1946 – 1951, Quebec, Canada
- Devetsil1920 – 1931
- Group of Seven 1920 – 1933, Canada
- Harlem renaissance 1920 – 1930s, United States
- American scene painting 1920 – 1945, United States
- New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit) 1920s, Germany
- Constructivism (art) 1920s, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
- Art Deco– 1920s – 1930s, France
- Grupo Montparnasse 1922, France
- Soviet art 1922 – 1986, Soviet Union
- Northwest School (art) Hi’s – 1940s, United States
- Social realism, 1929, international
- Socialist realism– c. 1930 – 1950, Soviet Union/Germany
- Abstraction-Création 1931 – 1936, France
- Allianz (arts) 1937 – 1950s, Switzerland
- Abstract Expressionism– 1940s, Post WWII, United States
- Action painting United States
- Color field painting
- Lyrical Abstraction
- COBRA (avant-garde movement) 1946 – 1952, Denmark/Belgium/Holland
- Tachisme late-1940s – mid-1950s, France
- Abstract Imagists United States
- Art informel mid-1940s – 1950s
- Outsider art (Art brut) mid-1940s, United Kingdom/United States
– Contemporary Art 1946 – present
- Vienna School of Fantastic Realism – 1946, Austria
- Neo-Dada 1950s, international
- International Typographic Style 1950s, Switzerland
- Soviet Nonconformist Art 1953 – 1986, Soviet Union
- Painters Eleven 1954-1960, Canada
- Pop Art mid-1950s, United Kingdom/United States
- Woodlands School 1958-1962, Canada
- Situationism 1957 – early 1970s, Italy
- New realism 1960 –
- Magic realism 1960s, Germany
- Minimalism– 1960 –
- Hard-edge painting– early 1960s, United States
- Fluxus– early 1960s – late-1970s
- Happening– early 1960 –
- Video art– early 1960 –
- Psychedelic art early 1960s –
- Conceptual art– 1960s –
- Graffiti 1960s-
- Junk art 1960s –
- Performance art– 1960s –
- Op Art 1964 –
- Post-painterly abstraction 1964 –
- Lyrical Abstraction mid-1960s –
- Process art mid-1960s – 1970s
- Arte Povera 1967 – Italy
- Art and Language 1968, United Kingdom
- Photorealism– Late 1960s – early 1970s
- Land art– late-1960s – early 1970s
- Post-minimalism late-1960s – 1970s
- Postmodern art 1970 – present
- Deconstructivism Metarealism– 1970 -1980, Russia
- Installation art– 1970s –
- Mail art– 1970s –
- Neo-expressionism late 1970s –
- Neoism 1979
- Figuration Libre early 1980s
- Young British Artists 1988 –
- Digital art 1990 – present
- Toyism 1992 – present
- Transgressive artMassurrealism1992 –
- Stuckism 1999 –
- Remodernism 1999 –
Artists often have a reputation for living life hard, fast and to the full, dying alone and in poverty, at a young age. While this is not true for the majority of famous artists there are some of the greatest masters who succumbed to the popular, stereotypical image.
- Egon Schiele– Died in 1918 of Spanish Flu in total poverty in a garret in Vienna, aged 28. Two days before his six month, pregnant wife, also died. Schiele spent his last hours alive drawing her dead body.
- Paul Gauguin– Died in 1903 on Haiti from an overdose of morphine used to ease the pain of syphilis. He’d had enough money to travel to the islands but not return and died in poverty awaiting the start of prison sentence aged 54.
- El Greco– Died unknown and destitute in 1614 in Toledo, Spain, later his works were acknowledged as amongst some of the most innovative of their time.
- Vincent Van Gogh– Commited suicide in 1890 and died from a gunshot to the head, having only ever sold one painting.
- Amodeo Modigliani– Died in 1920 after a lifetime struggling against drug and alcohol addiction, he was 35 years old. His pregnant, artist girlfriend Jeanne Hebuterne killed herself the next day, throwing herself from the window of her parent’s apartment.
- Barbara Hepworth – 1951 aged 72 in a fire in her St Ives’ studio. The cause was a carelessly discarded cigarette she was smoking.
- Caravaggio– 1610 aged 38. Famous painter and drunken brawler, he fled Naples after a nasty fight, in which he was injured. He died some days later in Tuscany of his wounds and suffering from the long-term effects of lead poisoning as a result of mixing his paints.
- Jackson Pollock– Died in New York in 1956 aged 44 of injuries sustained when the car he was driving left the road and hit a tree. He was reportedly drunk at the time.
- Tomasso Masaccio– 1401 – 1428. Died at the age of 27 and is recognised for his short life and revolutionary use of chiarascuro painting.
- Dante Gabriel Rossetti – Founding member of the Pre-Raphaelite Movement, passed away at a friends house in 1882 from Brights Disease, the result of many years addiction to chloral hydrate and whisky.
- Georges Seurat– Died suddenly in 1891, at the height of his career at the age of 31, from a suspected case of meningitis . Known for his use of pointillism.
- Keith Haring– Street Graffiti artists was a victim of the AIDS virus in 1990, Haring died aged only 32.
- Mark Rothko– At the age of 66 years old, Rothko took his own life after a long battle with drink and smoking. Suffering from a aneurysm and depression he committed suicide in 1970.
Top ten art posters
According to image searches on Google Trends as of 2014, these are the most sought after art poster images.
- Mona Lisa– Leonardo da Vinci
- Starry Night– Vincent van Gogh
- Marilyn Munroe– Andy Warhol
- The Dream– Pablo Picasso
- The Last Supper– Leonardo da Vinci
- Guernica– Pablo Picasso
- Water Lillies– Claude Monet
- The Creation of Adam– Michelangelo
- The Scream– Edvard Munch
- Girl with Pearl Earring– Johannes Vermeer
List of Artist featuring films
- Mr Turner – J.W.M. Turner 2014
- Big Eyes – Margaret Keane 2014
- Renior – Pierre Auguste Renior 2012
- The Mill and the Cross – Pieter Bruegel 2011
- Little Ashes – Salvador Dali 2008
- Caravaggio – Caravaggio 2007
- Nightwatching – Rembrandt Van Rijn 2007
- El Greco – El Greco 2007
- Goya’s Ghost – Francisco Goya 2006
- Klimt – Gustov Klimt 2006
- Modigliani – Amodeo Modigliani 2004
- Girl with a Peal Earring – Johannes Vermeer 2003
- Frida – Frida Kahlo 2002
- Pollock – Jackson Pollock 2000
- Goya – Francisco Goya 1999
- Love is the Devil – Francis Bacon 1998
- Artemisia – Artemisa Gentileschi 1997
- Surviving Picasso – Pablo Picasso 1996
- Carrington – Dora Carrington 1995
- Dali – Salvador Dali 1991
- Vincent and Theo – Vincent Van Gogh 1990
- Caravaggio – Caravaggio 1986
- Ovin – Paul Gauguin 1986
- Edvard Munch – Edvard Munch 1974
- The Agony and the Ecstasy – Michelangelo 1965
- Gli Amori di Montparnasse – Amedeo Modigliani 1958
- Lust for Life – Vincent Van Gogh 1956
- Moulin Rouge – Toulouse Lautrec 1952
Famous people who paint and exhibit –
- Winston Churchill (Politician)
- Adolf Hitler (Nazi)
- George W. Bush (Politician)
- Grace Slick (popstar)
- Johnny Depp (Actor)
- Dennis Hopper (Actor)
- Lucy Lui (Actor)
- David Bowie (Popstar)
- Joni Mitchell (Singer songwriter)
- Jim Carey (Actor)
- Johnny Cash (Musician)
- Bob Dylan (musician)
- Stevie Nicks (Singer songwriter)
- James Franco (Actor)
- Rosie O’Donnell (Actor)
- Anthony Hopkins (Actor)
- Janis Joplin (Singer songwriter)
- Frank Sinatra (Crooner)
- Silvester Stallone (Actor)
- Michael Jackson (Popstar)
- Marion Manson (Popstar)
- Ronnie Wood (Musician)
- Yoko Ono (Herself)
- Tony Bennett (Crooner – paints under his real name Antonio Benedetto)
- Kim Novak (Actor)
- Robert Redford (Actor)
- Peter Falk (Actor)
- Freddie Mercury (Popstar)
- Tim Burton (Director)
- Robbie Williams (Popstar)
- Jennifer Anniston (Actor)
- Patti Smith (Popstar)
- Keith Richards (Immortal Being)
- Paul McCartney (Popstar)
- Jane Seymour (Actor)
- Pierce Brosnan (Actor)
- Viggo Mortensen (Actor)
- Macaulay Culkin (Actor)
- Paul Stanley (Musician)
- Tony Curtis (Actor)
- If you hear a voice within you saying “you cannot paint” then by all means paint and that voice will be silenced. Vincent van Gogh.
- Painting is another way of keeping a diary – Pablo Picasso.
- I found I could say things with colour and shapes I couldn’t say any other way – things I had no words for – Georgia O’Keefe.
- Art enables us to find ourselves and lose others at the same time – Thomas Merton.
- A man paints with his brain and not his hands – Michelangelo.
- A line is a dot that went for a walk – Paul Klee.
- There is nothing worse than a sharp image of a fuzzy concept – Ansel Adams.
- I like to pretend that my art has nothing do with me – Roy Lichtenstein.
- A room hung with pictures is a room hung with thoughts – Joshua Reynolds.
- I choose a block of marble and chop off what I don’t need – Auguste Rodin.
- An artist is not paid for his labour but for his vision – James Abbott McNeill Whistler.
- Art for artsake, money for God sake – 10cc.
- Art can never be modern, art is primordially eternal – Egon Schiele.
- Art is not what you see, but what you make others see – Edgar Degas.
- Art is what you can get away with – Andy Warhol.
- The beautiful body perishes but a work of art dies not – Leonardo da Vinci.
- If I could say it in words there would be no reason to paint – Edward Hopper.
- The job of the artist has always been to deepen the mystery – Francis Bacon.
- Art is not what you see but what you make others see – Edgar Degas.
- Making your unknown, known is the important thing – Georgia O’Keeffe.
- Life obliges me to do something, so I paint – Rene Magritte.